Characteristics and trends of China's instrumentation industry <br /> Constrained by conditions such as receptor system, mechanism, comprehensive economic and technological level, management, and talents, enterprises are “multiple, scattered, and weak”, with weak scientific research and development capabilities, and product stability, There is a gap in reliability. There is a trend in the market that high- and mid-range products are dominated by foreign investment and imports, and low- and mid-range products are dominated by Chinese-funded enterprises. Due to the comparative advantages of market size, labor costs, and industry foundation, some large The product will become a major producer and exporter.
The rapid development of foreign-funded enterprises, the rapid development of private enterprises, the difficult situation of state-owned enterprises, and the widening gap between enterprises of different economic types, the specific indicators are listed below:
The industry is generally on the upward development trend. Except for foreign-funded enterprises, the highlights of Chinese-funded enterprises are concentrated in private enterprises that have a certain scale and strength, a few state-owned enterprises that have achieved results in reform, and high-tech enterprises created by universities and research institutions.
It has a wide range of applications and a wide variety. Involving many fields of national economy such as industrial and agricultural production, scientific research, national defense construction, culture, education and health, there are 13 major categories, 145 small categories, more than 800 series and 16,000 varieties, accounting for about a quarter of the machinery industry.
Knowledge-intensive and technology-intensive, it is a multi-disciplinary complex.
"Three highs and three lows": high technology, high input, high output; low energy consumption, low material consumption, and low pollution.
Product performance characteristics: high precision, high sensitivity, high reliability, high environmental adaptability; most of the production characteristics belong to multiple varieties and small batches.
Sensitive to new technologies, fast replacement.
2. Main development trends of international instruments:
Digital, intelligent, networked and miniaturized.
Mergers and reorganizations have intensified, and there is a clear trend for large instrument companies to enter more powerful and comprehensive industrial groups.
Multinational corporations have accelerated their China strategy and entered the "third stage", which focuses on building wholly-owned production enterprises and holding investment companies and merging Chinese advantage enterprises.
3. Characteristics and trends of China's instrumentation industry:
The categories are complete and have a certain industry foundation. In developing countries, they are "upstream" and have a clear gap with developed countries.